Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA)

The aim of the Glostrup Population Studies is to describe the lifestyle factors that influence the risk of heart disease.

The studies were carried out at the Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital. In 1964, the first cohort of a random sample of adults from the western suburbs of Copenhagen was initiated, and there has been repetitive follow-up studies since.

The studies include self-administered questionnaires, containing detailed questions about socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and health, and a general health examination. At the first examination/follow-up, all or a random sample of the participants gave information about their present habitual diet. Dietary information was gathered from 7-days weighted food diary and/or a dietary history interview and a short food frequency questionnaire.

The database includes participants from the following cohorts: 1914-cohort, 1936-cohort, 1897-cohort, MONICA (Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardio-vascular Disease) I, MONICA II, MONICA III, and the Youth cohort). The participants were 15-85 years old and were examined between 1964 and 1993.

Dietary information

7 days weighted food diary: 4.194 persons
Dietary history interview: 1.370 persons
Food frequency questionnaire: 8.497 persons
Age: 15-85 years